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U.S F.D.A [fraud & death administration] approves unnecessary deadliest mRna covid clot shot for children 6 months old to avoid liability despite gov death & damage data – Robert F. Kennedy jr.

15 june 2022 U.S F.D.A “approved the pfizer deadliest clot shot “covid” genetic fake “vaccine” for children 6 months to 5 years on a vote of 21-0″, committing the greatest crimes against humanity & children.

Robert Kennedy Jr.: [deadliest fake] “vaccine” manufacturers are sacrificing children/ ‘s health to keep liability shield

Dr Robert Malone: “vaccines”‘ Toxic Spike Protein Can Damage Heart, Brain, Vessels, Reproductive & Immune system

covid-19 [fake] “vaccines” have disabled 3 million Americans notes Edward Dowd

Dr. Stephanie Seneff [M.I.T]: How mRNA Vax Sets Up Long-term Diseases

Attention All Parents: “Do NOT fake “vaccinate” Your Kids [with deadliest covid mRna clot shot]”
Doctors Protest FDA Vote to Vaccinate 6-Month Old Babies, Warn Vaccine Is More Dangerous Than COVID [VIDEO]

The “vaccines” are all risk and no benefit; they are a nuclear bomb says Ryan Cole, MD

Depopulation: “500,000 Americans Have Died After The “vaccination”
Dr. Russell Blaylock: “Why would you tell people to take a “vaccine” that so far has killed hundreds of thousands of people just in this country? In the past, if a “vaccine” killed 50 people, they would pull the “vaccine”. That’d be the end of it. This has killed hundreds of thousands of people, and they keep promoting it. They keep calling it safe; they keep calling it effective.”
If Bill Gates Cared About Public Health, “He Wouldn’t Be Killing Children in -India, America, Canada- Africa With Vaccine Trials”

My Feedback to the FDA’s Attempts to inject 5 and Under for “covid-19” -Sam Dodson 15 jun 2022 FDA VRBAC “vaccines” & related biological products advisory committee open public hearing  To The Lifeboats Shorts

Hello, my name is Sam Dodson. I run a podcast called to the lifeboats and I have no relationship with the pharmaceutical cartels. I’m schooled in electrical engineering & two years ago I’d never heard of mRna, but let me tell you what I’ve learned since. It starts with the shot you told us stays at the injection site. We know it doesn’t, you knew, it didn’t. Biodistribution studies show that it goes through every major organ, primarily the heart, liver and spleen, were thanks to the highly inflammatory lipid nano complex it transfects the cells. That complex contains a PEGylated lipid being mass injected into humans for the first time ever while the animal studies showed heart attacks in pigs after the second injection. You knew the lipid nano complexes collect in the ovaries where they have the potential to cause devastating effects on reproductive health, yet you did nothing. When women started complaining of menstrual problems you did nothing. Transfected cells in every organ pump out the spike protein that ends up in the nucleus, where interrupts P53 line one in brick a?. You didn’t know this because you didn’t care to ask the question and when shown to you in a study, you did nothing. Every transfected cell expressing spike protein risks autoimmune disease the most acute of which is myocarditis. When people started dying of myocarditis, you did nothing. The spike protein floats freely in the vasculature, finding its way into the brain, breast milk and the environment as the body sheds this protein in exosomes, making those around the “vaccinated” sick. The spike protein directly affects toll-like receptors & CD4 T cells which are essential to the immune defense against these very viruses. When the “vaccinated” repeatedly caught covid and suffered reactivation of herpes, shingles, papilloma virus in unprecedented numbers, you knew this was a massive problem yet you did nothing. You knew that the MRNA stays around for months in litno? germinal centers, causing T cell exhaustion because the Stanford Group performed the study that you couldn’t be bothered to do. And then you ignored that massive safety signal, you were warned about on comehrs? and the effect on P53, yet you did nothing. When you were warned about prion disease & amyloid as a result of the huge amounts of spike protein produced by these therapies, you did worse than nothing, you silenced those people who raised the alarms. You were informed of fraud in the “vaccine” studies yet instead of investigating, you colluded with the manufacturers to suppress trial data for 75 years. Knowing all of these concerns, you now want to inject the very young who have zero clinical risk from covid & for which not one single study has shown any clinical benefit. You have abjectly failed in your sole duty to ensure the safety of any drug given to Americans. The late Frances Oldham Kelsey would have been ashamed at how you turned a once respected agency into a corrupt, corrupted vessel for the very corporations you swore to protect the American public from. If you have one shred of humanity left, you will recommend an immediate halt to all the shots and pray that God has mercy on your souls. You might also want to figure out how we’re going to diagnose myocarditis in very young babies who are unable to speak. Thank you.

June 10, 2022. Dear Dr. Califf, Dr. Walensky, Sec. Becerra, Dr. Marks & VRBPAC Members: [signed ROBERT F KENNEDY JR]
I write to you on behalf of Children’s Health Defense (CHD), a non-profit organization devoted to the health of people and the planet. We have actively followed your work to evaluate, authorize and approve “vaccines” for the American public, particularly children.
We are aware that you are likely to grant Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) of Pfizer’s BioNTech SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for children ages 6 months through 5 years old, and Moderna’s COVID-19 mRNA “vaccine” for infants and children ages 6 months through 5 years and 6 years through 17 years of age following your upcoming meetings on June 14-15, 2022. We are writing to put you on notice that should you recommend these pediatric EUA [fake] “vaccines” to children 6 months through 17 years old, CHD is poised to take legal action against you. CHD will seek to hold you accountable for recklessly endangering our children with products that have little, no, or even negative net efficacy but which may put them, without warning, at risk of many adverse health consequences, including heart damage, stroke, and other thrombotic events and future reproductive harms.
We briefly outline why such a recommendation would be reckless for nearly 74 million children in the United States and millions more around the world.
1. There is no COVID emergency for children. Children have a 99.995% recovery rate, and a body of medical literature indicates that almost zero healthy children under five years old have died from COVID.
● A Johns Hopkins study monitoring 48,000 children diagnosed with COVID showed a zero mortality rate in children under 18 without comorbidities.1,2
● A study in Nature demonstrated that children under 18 with no comorbidities have virtually no risk of death.
● Data from England and Wales, published by the UK Office of National Statistics on January 17, 2022, revealed that throughout 2020 and 2021, only one (1) child under the age of 5, without comorbidities, had died from COVID in the two countries, whose total population is 60 million.4
● A large study conducted in Germany showed zero deaths for children ages 5-11 and a case fatality rate of three per million in all children without comorbidities.5
● Another study in Nature from April suggests children’s bodies clear the virus more easily than adults.6
● This study published in December in Nature demonstrated how children efficiently mount effective, robust, and sustained immune responses.7
● The CDC published data stating that 203 children aged 6 months through 4 years have died “with” COVID since the start of the pandemic, averaging 85 deaths in this age group “with” COVID yearly.
We know that only a fraction of these children’s deaths were due to COVID. They do not accord with pediatric COVID death rates from other countries. CDC has chosen to conceal the number of Americans who died due to COVID, even though the data are found on death certificates.
Yet you propose to vaccinate 18 million babies through preschoolers with an initial 54 million doses of Pfizer vaccine (or 36 million doses of Moderna), and we can probably anticipate further booster doses after several months since you authorized boosters starting 5 months after being “fully vaccinated” for 5-11-year-olds last month.
2. The [fake] “vaccines” do not prevent transmission. They do not prevent infection. There is no statistically valid evidence that they prevent severe disease or deaths in children.9 Current mRNA injections were formulated based on the original Wuhan strain and were not tested for benefits against current variants in clinical trials. Which begs the question: what are you actually trying to accomplish by vaccinating small children? What is your goal?
3. Most children are already immune. Natural immunity is superior to vaccine-induced immunity, and vaccinating the already immune is superfluous and potentially harmful.10 CNBC reported in April 2022, “An estimated 95% of the U.S. population ages 16 and older had developed antibodies against the virus either through vaccination or infection as of December, according to a CDC survey of blood donor samples.”11 CDC earlier said over 75% of children already have partial or full immunity to COVID. There is no ethical justification for unnecessary vaccination that will put children at elevated risk of vaccine harm when it appears that most are already immune and will obtain NO benefit.
Furthermore, multiple studies have suggested that vaccinating after infection increases the risk of vaccine-induced side effects such as myocarditis.12,13
4. The risks demonstrably outweigh the benefits of “covid” [fake] “vaccination” in children. A study out of Hong Kong14 showed one out of every 2,700 12-17-year-old boys are diagnosed with myocarditis following the 2nd dose of Comirnaty vaccine (37 per 100,000 vaccinated). A study from Kaiser found the same rate of myocarditis in 12-17-year-old American boys, 1/2700.15
5. While CDC is saying that myocarditis is a mild disease, cardiologists know otherwise. The CDC’s own preliminary data, reported at the February 4 ACIP meeting, revealed that nearly half of the young people diagnosed with myocarditis still had symptoms 3 months later, and 39% had their activity restricted by their physician.16 We know this serious adverse event frequently occurs in teenagers. But no one knows how often it occurs in younger children. This is of significant concern for babies and younger children.
6. The Pfizer clinical trials for children 2 through 4 years old failed to meet FDA-specified requirements for COVID vaccine EUAs. The vaccines did not show 50% efficacy nor meet the required 30% lower bound with a 95% confidence interval.17,18 You’re proposing to use a product and schedule that failed FDA‘s established criteria in its clinical trials. You propose to add a third dose later in order to provide a fleeting efficacy boost to the Pfizer vaccines for preschoolers.
Yet you must be well aware that the Pfizer shots in the 5-11 year range led to very poor efficacy; 31% according to the CDC19 and 12% after 7 weeks according to a massive database comprising over 1.3 million children (365,000 of whom were vaccinated) from the NY Department of Health.20 Five to 11-year-old children dropped into the negative efficacy range by 8 weeks after receiving the second dose. See Figure below.21
Let us be crystal clear about what this study shows. It is the largest COVID vaccine efficacy study in children ever published, using the highest quality, official data from NY state. There was a large, linear drop in efficacy seen with each successive week following full vaccination. Extremely narrow confidence intervals confirm the validity of these data.
By 8 weeks following their second dose, vaccinated children were placed at higher risk of developing COVID than unvaccinated children. By 9 weeks, their risk was even higher. Despite data-free theories offered to minimize this finding, the indisputable fact is that being vaccinated placed these children in a higher risk category for a COVID infection than if they had never been vaccinated. Vaccinating children who you know are likely to be placed at higher risk from COVID as a result of vaccination is not “public health;” it is a crime. This is an unprecedented proposal not backed by science, logic, or ethics.
It does not meet the risk-benefit standard of 21 U.S. Code § 360bbb–322 “the known and potential benefits of the product, when used to diagnose, prevent, or treat such disease or condition, outweigh the known and potential risks of the product.”
7. Some children likely will die and others will be permanently injured from these vaccines based on reporting to the current VAERS database.23 The latest data shows a total of 1,287,595 reports of adverse events from all age groups following COVID vaccines, including 28,532 deaths and 235,041 serious injuries24 between Dec. 14, 2020, and May 27, 2022.
8. The pediatric clinical trials for the COVID vaccines were too small (the booster trial for 5-to-11-year olds had 140 participants)25 to detect safety signals for serious adverse events–especially for a recipient population in the tens of millions. It is difficult to understand how FDA allowed trials to be conducted with so few children enrolled, knowing they were inadequate to assure safety.
9. There are no long-term safety data for COVID vaccination of young children, and the proposal is to vaccinate children under an Emergency Use Authorization. These facts establish that vaccinating small children for COVID will be an experiment, not a standard medical procedure. If we miss significant side effects that occur in babies and toddlers, the health trajectories of their lives could be changed.
10. Unethical coercive pressure to vaccinate will be applied to children and their parents, as has occurred with older children and adults.26 To grant authorization is to abet this unethical coercion that violates the Nuremberg Code’s first principle.27,28
11. There is no available care for children injured by COVID shots. There is no way to remove the spike protein and other toxic byproducts of [fake] “vaccination”, which may be produced for a considerable period of time following inoculation of messenger RNA.29 The science and medicine have not yet developed, and most families will be unable to cover the costs of potential catastrophic injuries.
The federal government’s Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program has not compensated a single person injured by COVID vaccines.30
12. First, do no harm. You are a physician or health official who owes a duty to patients and medical ethics. If you recommend these shots to this age group, given all you know, will you be upholding your oath? If not, is it possible that your acts could later be seen as reason to remove your medical licenses?
13. The liability-free nature of your deliberations may not stand the test of time. In the fullness of time, your decisions may not have the liability protection that they currently enjoy. Under the PREP Act of 2005, all actors advancing an EUA agenda for medical countermeasures enjoy liability protection, absent “willful misconduct.”31,32 Nonetheless, if at a later time these shots are deemed non-therapeutic gene products that you knowingly and recklessly recommended, and which were then distributed to children as a direct result of your decision, it is possible that liability could later attach.
14. There are safer drugs that could be used prophylactically and therapeutically for “covid”  in children. There is extensive and compelling medical evidence for this assertion; and the choice to eschew use of these drugs in favor of a demonstrably dangerous vaccine is arbitrary and capricious.33,34
15. On August 23, 2021, FDA’s letter to BioNTech explained that neither the VAERS nor the VSD surveillance systems were adequate for FDA to determine the risk of myocarditis resulting from the Pfizer vaccine.35 Therefore, Pfizer and BioNTech were instructed by FDA to carry out a series of studies on myocarditis to ascertain the risk in different groups, including children. These studies were scheduled to produce final reports to FDA over the next five years. If FDA is willing to wait until 2027 to learn the actual risks of myocarditis from the vaccine for children, shouldn’t it be required to wait until 2027 before inoculating millions of small children with a vaccine anticipated to provide them no benefit and possibly substantial risks?
16. An important Cell article written by scientists from Stanford, has shown that based on lymph node sampling after mRNA vaccination, spike protein and its mRNA remain present in the germinal centers of draining lymph nodes for up to 60 days, which is when sampling ceased.36 This was not supposed to happen. The demonstration of vastly prolonged spike protein production has revealed that the dose of spike protein produced in vivo by mRNA vaccines is unpredictable.
FDA, however, requires uniformity of dosing. This fact alone should disqualify all authorizations and approvals of mRNA COVID vaccines.
17. The June 8, 2022 New York Times reveals that the most vaccinated regions in the US and the world are also those regions with the highest current case counts.37,38 This provides additional supportive evidence that several months after being vaccinated, efficacy becomes negative and vaccination increases the likelihood of developing a COVID infection.
18. Three weeks ago, FDA authorized booster doses of Pfizer vaccine for 5-11-year-olds without convening a VRBPAC meeting or providing any public discussion of the evidence supporting the booster.39 Dr. Peter Marks, the Director of FDA’s Center for Biologics told the VRBPAC in April that the FDA’s issuance of an EUA for a second booster in adults was a “stopgap measure”–the implication being there was no scientific evidence to support that booster.40 Has FDA given up even the appearance of a scientific evaluation before issuing more EUAs for COVID vaccines?
19. It is well known that hospitalizations and deaths with “covid”  have been misattributed as hospitalizations and deaths due to “covid”  by federal health agencies, leading to numbers of severe cases and deaths that have been disputed by US physicians investigating them, and which do not accord with the mortality rates for children in other nations. CDC now publishes its COVID mortality data as deaths with COVID, blatantly exaggerating “covid”-caused morbidity and mortality.41
20. According to CDC and the New York Times, it has been over 3 months (since February 28, 2022) during which there has been fewer than one US child per 100,000 children hospitalized daily for COVID.42
21. According to the CDC data tracker, less than 0.1% of all US deaths that have occurred “with” “covid”  have occurred in children aged 0 through 4.43
22. Strong evidence that newer variants of COVID-19 (Omicron) pose dramatically reduced risks to young children was published in the April 1, 2022, JAMA Pediatrics by Wang et al.44 Using a huge US medical database, they were able to match children aged under 5 who were infected with an Omicron variant with those who were infected with a Delta variant. Children with Omicron were only 35% as likely to require an ICU admission and only 15% as likely to require mechanical ventilation as same-aged children who had been sick due to earlier delta variants.


23. The original Moderna clinical trial data, which should have been available to regulatory agencies at least since the Moderna package was presented for licensure, reveals that while 93% of unvaccinated controls produced detectable SARS-CoV-2 anti-nucleocapsid antibody after infection, only 40% of the vaccinated produced this antibody after infection. Most of the vaccinated failed to mount the expected immune response.45
This is probably why Dr. Marco Cavaleri of the European Medicines Agency “warned that frequent Covid-19 booster shots could adversely affect the immune response and may not be feasible. Repeat booster doses every four months could eventually weaken the immune response and tire out people, according to the European Medicines Agency.”46
It is probable that the more doses of these vaccines you receive, the less broad immunity you will develop, even after getting infected. Why subject children to the long-term risk of damaging their immunity to coronaviruses by authorizing vaccines for the youngest children?
24. Below are the June 8, 2022, New York Times graphs for the current number of US patients in hospitals, ICUs, and suffering deaths attributed to COVID.
The numbers of patients in ICUs and dying each day ascribed to COVID are close to the lowest numbers since the start of the pandemic. Given that CDC extrapolated that 95% of Americans already have partial to complete immunity, while we are at historic low levels for severe COVID disease, it should be clear that there is no need to vaccinate anyone now.


1 Audrey Unverferth, “Johns Hopkins Study Found Zero COVID Deaths among Healthy Kids,” The Federalist, Jul. 21, 2021,
2 FAIR Health, West Health Institute, and Marty Makary, MD, MPH, “Risk Factors for COVID-19 Mortality among Privately Insured Patients” FAIR Health, Nov. 11, 2020, %20Insured%20Patients%20-%20A%20Claims%20Data%20Analysis%20-%20A%20FAIR%20Health%20White%20Paper.pdf.
3 Clare Smith, David Odd, Rachel Harwood, et al., “Deaths in Children and Young People in England after SARS-CoV-2 Infection during the First Pandemic Year,” Nat Med 28 (2022): 185–192,
852 Franklin Ave, Suite 511. Franklin Lakes, NJ 07417 •

4 “COVID-19 Deaths and Autopsies Feb 2020 to Dec 2021, Table 1: Number of Deaths Where COVID-19 Was the Only Cause Mentioned on the Death Certificate, 1 February 2020 to 31 December 2021, by Sex and Age Group, England and Wales,” Jan. 17, 2022, Office for National Statistics,
5 A.L. Sorg, M. Doenhardt, N. Diffloth et al., “Risk of Hospitalization, Severe Disease, and Mortality Due to COVID-19 and PIMS-TS in Children with SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Germany,” MedRxiv preprint, Nov. 30, 2021,
6 Kevin J. Selva, Carolien E. van de Sandt, Melissa M. Lemke, et al., “Systems Serology Detects Functionally Distinct Coronavirus Antibody Features in Children and Elderly,” Nature Communications 12, no. 2037 (2021),
7 Alexander C. Dowell, Megan S. Butler, Elizabeth Jinks, et al., “Children Develop Robust and Sustained Cross-Reactive Spike-Specific Immune Responses to SARS-CoV-2 Infection,” Nat Immunol 23 (2022): 40–49,
8 “Provisional COVID-19 Death Counts by Age in Years, 2020-2022,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, updated Jun. 2, 2022,
9 Rui Wang, Jiahui Chen, Yuta Hozumi et al., “Emerging Vaccine-Breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 Variants,” ACS Infect Dis. 8, no. 3 (2022),

10 “COVID-19 Cases and Hospitalizations by COVID-19 Vaccination Status and Previous COVID-19 Diagnosis — California and New York, May–November 2021,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Jan. 28, 2022, 11 Spencer Kimball, “CDC director says high immunity in U.S. population provides some protection against omicron BA.2,” CNBC, Apr. 5, 2022, html. 12 A.S. Etuk, I.N. Jackson, H. Panayiotou, “A Rare Case of Myocarditis After the First Dose of Moderna Vaccine in a Patient With Two Previous COVID-19 Infections,” Cureus 14, no. 5 (2022):e24802. PMID: 35676986; PMCID: PMC9169579.
13 Muhammed Z. Khan, Scott Janus, Sona Franklin, et al., “COVID-19 Vaccination-Induced Cardiomyopathy Requiring Permanent Left Ventricular Assist Device,” Cureus 14, no. 4 (2022): e24477,
14 Gilbert T. Chua, Mike Yat Wah Kwan, Celine SL Chui, et al., “Epidemiology of Acute Myocarditis/Pericarditis in Hong Kong Adolescents Following Comirnaty Vaccination,” Clinical Infectious Diseases ciab989 (2021),
15 Katie A Sharff, David M Dancoes, Jodi L Longueil, et al., “Risk of Myopericarditis Following COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination in a Large Integrated Health System: A Comparison of Completeness and Timeliness of Two Methods,” Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety (2022),
16 Ian Kracalik, PhD, MPH, “Myocarditis Outcomes Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination,” Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, Feb. 4, 2022,
17 Sharon LaFraniere and Noah Weiland, “Pfizer Asks F.D.A. to Clear 2 Vaccine Doses for Young Children as a Start,” NYT, Feb. 1, 2022, https://www html.
18 Kristina Fiore, “FDA Advisors Face Difficult Decision on COVID Vaccine for Youngest Kids,” MedPage Today, Feb. 3, 2022,

19 Ashley L. Fowlkes, ScD, Sarang K. Yoon, DO, Karen Lutrick, PhD, et al., “Effectiveness of 2-Dose BNT162b2 (Pfizer BioNTech) mRNA Vaccine in Preventing SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Children Aged 5–11 Years and Adolescents Aged 12–15 Years—PROTECT Cohort, July 2021–February 2022,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (MMWR), Mar. 18, 2022, htm?s cid=mm7111e1 w.
20 Vajeera Dorabawila, PhD, Dina Hoefer, PhD, Ursula E. Bower, PhD et al., “Effectiveness of the BNT162b2 Vaccine among Children 5-11 and 12-17 years in New York after the Emergence of the Omicron Variant,” medRxiv, Feb. 28, 2022,
21 Vajeera Dorabawila, PhD, Dina Hoefer, PhD, Ursula E. Bower, PhD et al., “Risk of Infection and Hospitalization among Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Children and Adolescents in New York After the Emergence of the Omicron Variant,” JAMA (2022),

22 “21 U.S. Code § 360bbb–3 – Authorization for Medical Products for Use in Emergencies,” Legal Information Institute (LII),
23 VAERS, “From the 5/27/2022 Release of VAERS Data: Found 1,287,595 Cases Where Vaccine is COVID19,” MedAlerts, May 27, 2022, https://www
24 VAERS, “From the 5/27/2022 Release of VAERS data: Found 235,041 Cases Where Vaccine is COVID19 and Serious,” MedAlerts, May 27, 2022,
25 “Pfizer and BioNTech Announce Data Demonstrating High Immune Response Following a Booster Dose of their COVID-19 Vaccine in Children 5 Through 11 Years of Age,” Pfizer, press release, Apr. 14, 2022, 26 Minnesota Department of Health, “Kids Deserve a Shot vaccine incentive program,” Got Your Shots? News, Jan. 22, 2022,
https://www health.state
27 John Cádiz Klemack, “Mom Says Son Vaccinated in Exchange for Pizza at LAUSD Without Her Consent,” NBC-LA, Dec. 7, 2021, https://www
28 Howard Blume, “LAUSD to End Weekly COVID Tests and Spend $5 Million on Prizes to Encourage Vaccinations,” Los Angeles Times, Nov. 17, 2021,

29 Katharina Röltgen, Sandra C.A. Nielsen, Olivia Silva, et al., “Immune Imprinting, Breadth of Variant Recognition and Germinal Center Response in Human SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Vaccination,” Cell 185, no. 6 (2022): 1025-1040, 30 “Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program (CICP) Data,” Health Resources & Services Adminstration, May 1, 2022,
31 Public Health Emergency, “PREP Act Q&As,” U.S. Department of Health & Human Services , Dec. 22, 2021,
32 Kevin J. Hickey, “The PREP Act and COVID-19: Limiting Liability for Medical Countermeasures,” Congressional Research Service, Jan. 13, 2022,
33 Eveline Hürlimann, Ladina Keller, Chandni Patel, et al., “Efficacy and Safety of Co-Administered Ivermectin and Albendazole in School-Aged Children and Adults Infected with Trichuris Trichiura in Côte d’Ivoire, Laos, and Pemba Island, Tanzania: A Double-Blind, Parallel-Group, Phase 3, Randomised Controlled Trial,” Lancet Infect Dis. 22, no. 1 (2022): 123-135,
34 D. Morgado-Carrasco, J lbaceta-Ayala, and J Piquero-Casals, “Hydroxychloroquine: An Essential Drug in Dermatology and Its Controversial Use in COVID-19,” Actas Dermosifiliogr. 113, no. 2 (2022): T166-T175,
35 FDA, “Biologics License Application (BLA) Approval for COVID-19 Vaccine, mRNA-Pfizer/BioNTech,” U.S. Food & Drug Administration, Aug. 23, 2021, https://www

39 US Food and Drug Administration, “Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update: FDA Expands Eligibility for Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Dose to Children 5 through 11 Years,” news release, May 17, 2022,
https://www ooster-dose.
40 Scott Hensley, “Advisers to FDA weigh in on updated COVID boosters for the fall,” NPR, Apr. 6, 2022,
41 “Provisional COVID-19 Death Counts by Age in Years, 2020-2022,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, updated Jun. 2, 2022,
42 “Coronavirus in the U.S.: Latest Map and Case Count,” New York Times, updated Jun. 8, 2022,
43 “COVID Data Tracker: Demographic Trends of COVID-19 Cases and Deaths in the US Reported to CDC,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, updated Jun. 7, 2022, html#demogr aphics.
44 Lindsey Wang, Nathan A. Berger, MD, David C. Kaelber MD, PhD, et al., “Incidence Rates and Clinical Outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 Infection With the Omicron and Delta Variants in Children Younger Than 5 Years in the US,” JAMA Pediatrics, Apr. 1, 2022,

45 Dean Follmann, Holly E. Janes, Olive D. Buhule, et al., “Anti-Nucleocapsid Antibodies Following SARS-CoV-2 Infection in the Blinded Phase of the mRNA-1273 Covid-19 Vaccine Efficacy Clinical Trial,” medRxiv preprint,, Apr. 19, 2022,
46 Irina Anghel, “Frequent Boosters Spur Warning on Immune Response,” Bloomberg, Jan. 11, 2022,

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